Enrique Guerrero ha firmado esta carta dirigida a la Alta Representante y Vicepresidenta de la Comisión Europea, Sra. Federica Mogherini relativa a la Cumbre de la Unión Europea y la Liga de Estados Árabes, que tendrá lugar la semana próxima en Sharm El-Sheikh, Egipto el 24-25 de febrero. 

La Cumbre UE-LEA reunirá por primera vez a Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de ambas partes con el objetivo de facilitar las relaciones entre las partes. Está previsto hablar de cuestiones sobre el comercio y las inversiones, la migración, el multilateralismo, la seguridad y la situación en la región.

La carta reconoce que es un gran paso adelante para la UE establecer un diálogo con la LEA, pero nos preocupa que las violaciones de derechos humanos en la región no sean tratadas de manera adecuada durante la Cumbre. De este modo, creemos que resolver los conflictos regionales como la guerra en Yemen, Siria, la división Israelí-Palestina y la situación en Libia, son temas cruciales para la estabilidad regional y mundial. Sin embargo, para efectivamente acabar con el tráfico de seres humanos o para resolver los conflictos armados, tiene que existir una situación de estabilidad, respeto por los derechos humanos y el estado de derecho y un desarrollo socioeconómico positivo. Desgraciadamente, este no es el caso en la mayoría de los países que forman la Liga de Estados Árabes.

Por ello, los diputados del Parlamento Europeo que firmamos la carta, llamamos a incluir el dialogo sobre la situación de los derechos humanos y que la UE de una mayor importancia a los derechos humanos en su acción exterior, tal y como viene recogido en el Marco Estratégico y Plan de Acción sobre Derechos Humanos y Democracia.


Ms. Federica Mogherini

High Representative for the Union Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the
European Commission
European Commission

Rue de la Loi /Wetstraat 200
B-1049 Brussels

Brussels, 14 February 2019

Dear High Representative Ms. Federica Mogherini,
The undersigned Members of the European Parliament write to you today regarding the upcoming
EU-League of Arab States summit on the 24-25 th of February 2019.
Indeed, we do agree that it is a considerable step forward for the European Union in its dialogue
with the members of the League of Arab States, since it is the first summit to ever take place
between these two regional entities. We believe that creating space for political dialogue brings to
more inclusive cooperation, peace, development and prosperity among international actors.
However, we would like to highlight the increased and needed importance of bringing human rights
issues at the forefront of these agendas. In point of fact, the EU Strategic Framework and Action
Plan on Human Rights and Democracy clearly states that the “EU will promote human rights in
all areas of its external action without exception.”
We consider that addressing the widespread and systematic human rights violations occurring in
most of the countries of the League of Arab States would ensure more stability in the region and
therefore would promote security. It has become essential, especially considering the celebration of
the 70 th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 2018, this Declaration should
inspire the EU’s external policies to include human rights dialogues in every bilateral or regional
meeting between the European Union and non- EU countries, international institutions and during
the negotiation of international agreements. In point of fact, this is perfectly in line with the
objectives of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
The human rights situation, in most MENA countries, has not stabilized nor has it progressed since
the regional pro-democratic protests in 2011. Human rights defenders, political opposition leaders,
civil societies and journalists continue to be targeted, arrested, prosecuted and sometimes killed and
tortured in intensified government crackdowns. Freedom of expression, freedom of religion and
belief, freedom of speech, association and assembly both offline and online continue to be
hampered with increased restrictions and punishments. Moreover, even if new laws have been
implemented and existing ones were amended for the promotion of gender equality, women
continue to be inadequately protected against gender-based violence and there remains systematic
legal and social discrimination against them. Furthermore, the death penalty as well as torture and
other forms of ill-treatment are reoccurring practices in most of these states. Moreover, the war in
Yemen and the armed conflicts in Libya and Syria have not ceased and rather continue to take a
heavy toll on civilians and their livelihoods. Lastly, in the Gulf states, the Kafala system is still in
place which poses severe restrictions on trade unions and migrant workers, who continue to face
exploitation and abuses.
We would like to emphasize that countering migrant smuggling and resolving armed conflicts are
directly linked to the political environment of these countries. Hence, in order to close effective

trade and cooperation deals with the League of Arab states it is necessary to highlight these human
rights issues to guarantee progress not only in the region but also in the broader context of global
cooperation. In light of these facts, we call on the European Union to take these important issues
into consideration at the EU-League of Arab State summit. Further, we request that all EU’s
international activities place human rights at the forefront of their agenda and that all agreements
are aligned with the EU’s entrenched human rights principles.

Sincerely,
Members of the European Parliament

 

 

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